George H. Crosby Manitou State Park
By Jim Umhoefer
Trails are arduous and camping is for backpackers only at George H. Crosby Manitou State Park. Minnesota’s most primitive park flanks the untamed Manitou River in one of the deepest gorges on the North Shore.
George H. Crosby Manitou State Park is located 8 miles northeast of Finland just off the North Shore Scenic Drive in Minnesota’s Lake County.
The busiest trail follows the Manitou River, linking most of the backpack sites. Look for thick-trunked white cedars on this route. Within the park, the river falls 100 feet in a series of cascades. Take the Humpback Trail toward campsite No. 2 for the best view of the waterfalls. Between Highway 61 and Lake Superior, the Manitou River cuts through a steep gorge before dropping into the lake. There is not public access to the lower river. A few side spurs lead up to hilltops where you can see the energetic river as it tumbles down to Lake Superior. About 5 miles of the Superior Hiking Trail, a 300-mile footpath from Duluth to the Canadian border, passes through the park.
The sites are popular among backpackers. The only sounds are wind and water and the occasional howl of a timber wolf. Most of the sites are separated enough that you probably won’t notice other campers. The nights can get cold at Crosby Manitou when cool breezes off Lake Superior whistle up the river valley.
When the Indians lived here, woodland caribou were plentiful, but the animals later disappeared as heavy logging destroyed their habitat.
Ironically, logging and fires have resulted in an abundance of wildlife in the park. The new growth that has sprouted since the logging era provides excellent food and shelter for deer herds. As the number of deer increased, so did the population of their main predator, the timber wolf. Hikers occasionally find deer kills in the park.